Common cylinder configurations
Common cylinder configurations include the straight or inline configuration, the more compact V configuration, and the wider but smoother flat or boxer configuration. Aircraft engines can also adopt a radial configuration, which allows more effective cooling. More unusual configurations such as the H, U, X, and W have also been used.
Multiple cylinder engines have their valve train and crankshaft configured so that pistons are at different parts of their cycle. It is desirable to have the piston's cycles uniformly spaced (this is called even firing) especially in forced induction engines; this reduces torque pulsations21 and makes inline engines with more than 3 cylinders statically balanced in its primary forces. However, some engine configurations require odd firing to achieve better balance than what is possible with even firing. For instance, a 4-stroke I2 engine has better balance when the angle between the crankpins is 180° because the pistons move in opposite directions and inertial forces partially cancel, but this gives an odd firing pattern where one cylinder fires 180° of crankshaft rotation after the other, then no cylinder fires for 540°. With an even firing pattern the pistons would move in unison and the associated forces would add.
Multiple crankshaft configurations do not necessarily need a cylinder head at all because they can instead have a piston at each end of the cylinder called an opposed piston design. Because fuel inlets and outlets are positioned at opposed ends of the cylinder, one can achieve uniflow scavenging, which, as in the four-stroke engine is efficient over a wide range of engine speeds. Thermal efficiency is improved because of a lack of cylinder heads. This design was used in the Junkers Jumo 205 diesel aircraft engine, using two crankshafts at either end of a single bank of cylinders, and most remarkably in the Napier Deltic diesel engines. These used three crankshafts to serve three banks of double-ended cylinders arranged in an equilateral triangle with the crankshafts at the corners. It was also used in single-bank locomotive engines, and is still used in marine propulsion engines and marine auxiliary generators.
Is it worth it to go for a test drive?
Currently, virtually all car showrooms offer the opportunity to test the car, motorcycle or other vehicle before buying. It is a good idea, because we feel as though we have chosen a technological marvel already belonged to us. In many cases, customers decide to change already taken the decision after testing the vehicle. Increasingly, test drive is also used by people who really do not plan to buy a new car straight from the living room (we have because in this case the count of the really high costs), but I just want to ride a selected vehicle due to, for example, interest in Automotive whether the nature of the work.
Why take care of car paint?
Among the drivers are very popular preparations, which produce no doubt brilliance of automotive paint. Interestingly, many of these measures not only contains polishing agents, but also agents responsible for applying a protective coating on our car. Thanks to such treatment as pasting of the car, so we can not only improve the aesthetics of the car, but also the fact that the car paint will be preserved. This, in turn, it will be more durable and resistant not only to mechanical damage, but also resistant to corrosion and other adverse to paint processes. Concern for the car paint is so profitable, because we can thereby postpone the need for removal of rust and so on.